The lychee (Litchi chinensis) ? also known as litchi or lichee ? is a small tropical fruit from the soapberry family.
Other popular fruits in this family include rambutan and longan.
Lychees are grown in subtropical regions throughout the world and especially popular in their native China, as well as Southeast Asia.
Known for their sweet and flowery flavor, they?re typically eaten fresh and sometimes used in ice creams or processed into juice, wine, sherbert, and jelly.
They?re a good source of several vitamins, minerals, and healthy antioxidants.
Lychees have an inedible, pink-red, leathery skin, which is removed before consumption. The flesh is white and surrounds a dark seed in the center.
Lychees are mainly composed of water and?carbs?? which make up 82% and 16.5% of the fruit, respectively (1Trusted Source).
A 3.5-ounce (100-gram) serving of fresh lychees provides the following nutrients. The table below shows the main nutrients in fresh lychees (1Trusted Source):
- Protein:?0.8 grams
- Carbs:?16.5 grams
- Sugar:?15.2 grams
- Fiber:?1.3 grams
- Fat:?0.4 grams
Carbs and Fibers
Besides water, lychees are mainly composed of carbs.
A single lychee ? either fresh or dried ? contains 1.5?1.7 grams of carbs (1Trusted Source).
The majority of the carbs in lychees comes from sugars, which are responsible for their sweet taste. They?re relatively low in?fiber.
Vitamins and Minerals
Lychees are a decent source of several vitamins and minerals, including:
- Vitamin C:?The most abundant vitamin in lychees. One lychee provides around 9% of the Reference Daily Intake (RDI) for?vitamin C?(1Trusted Source).
- Copper:?Lychees are a decent source of copper. Inadequate copper intake may have adverse effects on heart health (2Trusted Source).
- Potassium:?An essential nutrient that may improve?heart health?when eaten in sufficient amounts (3Trusted Source).
SUMMARYLychees are primarily composed of water and carbs, most of which are sugars. Compared to many other fruits, they?re low in fiber. They?re also high in vitamin C and offer decent amounts of copper and potassium
Like other fruits, lychees are a good source of various?antioxidant?plant compounds.
In fact, they have been reported to contain higher levels of antioxidant polyphenols than several other common fruits (4Trusted Source).
Antioxidants in lychees include:
Oligonol is a dietary supplement that is often mentioned in connection to lychees.
It?s a patented mixture of antioxidants (proanthocyanidins) derived from lychee skin and?green tea, developed by the Amino Up Chemical Corporation in Japan.
The antioxidants are chemically altered to increase their uptake from your gut (8Trusted Source).
Several studies indicate that Oligonol may reduce?abdominal fat, fatigue, and inflammation after exercise (9Trusted Source,?10,?11Trusted Source,?12Trusted Source).
However, as it?s not found naturally in lychee fruits, its health effects don?t apply to lychees.
SUMMARYLike most fruits and vegetables, lychees are a good source of antioxidants and other healthy plant compounds. These include epicatechin and rutin. Fresh lychees don?t contain any Oligonol, as is often claimed.
The health effects of lychees have not been studied yet.
However, including a variety of fruits and vegetables in your diet may improve your health and reduce your risk of several chronic diseases (13Trusted Source,?14Trusted Source,?15Trusted Source).
Lychees contain several healthy minerals, vitamins, and antioxidants, such as potassium, copper, vitamin C, epicatechin, and rutin. These may help protect against heart disease,?cancer, and diabetes (3Trusted Source,?6Trusted Source,?7Trusted Source,?16Trusted Source).
Animal studies also indicate that lychee extract may help fight liver cancer (17Trusted Source).
Still, further studies are needed to confirm the health benefits of lychees in humans.
SUMMARYThe health effects of lychees have not been studied directly. However, they contain several nutrients and antioxidants that are important for health.